Reading Strategies

Comprehension strategies are conscious plans — sets of steps that good readers use to make sense of text. Comprehension strategy instruction helps students become purposeful, active readers who are in control of their own reading comprehension.Click on the images to learn more.


Self-monitor is a strategy that readers use to monitor how well they are comprehending the text. Simply asking easy recall questions such as what color was Ashley's dress is a great start to practicing the self-monitor strategy.

Do I Understand What I am Reading?





Self Monitor




Metacognition can be defined as awareness and understanding of one's own thought processes. Thinking about thinking is another way to think of metacognition. Understanding what you are feeling and knowing what you are thinking, seeing, wondering, and noticing is important when reading and practicing reading literacy. 

Graphic & Semantic Organizers

Graphic organizers are great ways to help students organize their thoughts and information presented in the text. Using the graphic organizer for both fiction and non-fiction text helps readers better understand what they are reading. Examples include Venn Diagrams to help readers compare and contrast information, KWL Charts to organize what they know, what they want to know and what they learned, and Hamburger organizer to help students write essays. 

Question Answer Relationship

The Question-Answer Relationship is a very important strategy for readers to use. With the adoption of Common Core State Standards, students are taught a great deal on how to answer questions using evidence. Evidence could be explicit, meaning that it is found directly in the text, implicit, meaning that it is implied or information from the reader's background knowledge.

Recognizing Story Structure

Recognizing Story Structure is an important strategy for readers to use. When readers pay close attention to story structure, they find it easier to organize information. Story structure includes characters, setting, and the elements of plot (exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution).


Summarizing is a strategy that readers are taught during the early learning stages of literacy. Simple recall is used to determine important key details to include in the summary. Summary includes who, did what, when, where, and why OR somebody, wanted, but, so, then. 

Higher Order Thinking Skills

Higher Order Thinking Skills allow students to generate questions that help them to better understand the text. When students use Higher Order Thinking Skills they are able to make sense of the text because they are the ones asking the questions instead of question being thrown at them.

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